UNIT 5 LAND USE AND WATER

5.1 The Tragedy of the Commons

  • 5.1a Define the tragedy of the commons, then evaluate different methods that can be used to mitigate or prevent the phenomenon.
  • Textbook correlation Chapter 10, Module 29; Chapter 20, Module 65

5.2 Clear Cutting

  • 5.2a Discuss the ecosystem services and economic benefits provided by forests, then define clearcutting.
  • 5.2b Explain the impacts of clearcutting on terrestrial and atmospheric environments.
  • 5.2c Explain the impacts of clearcutting on aquatic environments, and evaluate test questions based on this material.
  • Textbook correlation Chapter 10, Module 30

5.3 The Green Revolution

  • 5.3a Define the Green Revolution, detail its strategies and practices, and discuss general benefits and drawbacks to this agricultural approach.
  • 5.3b Define genetically modified organisms (GMOs), then discussing the benefits and drawbacks of their use.
  • 5.3c Evaluate author perspective and assumptions related to the Green Revolution.
  • Textbook correlation Chapter 11, Module 32

5.4 Impacts of Agricultural Practices

  • 5.4a Describe and discuss the negative impacts agricultural practices like tilling, slash-and-burn farming, and long-term intensive farming have on the environment.
  • 5.4b Describe and discuss the negative impacts agricultural practices like pesticide and fertilizer overuse have on the environment.
  • Textbook correlation Chapter 11, Module 32

5.5 Irrigation Methods

  • 5.5a Define and discuss the benefits and drawbacks of using flood irrigation and furrow irrigation.
  • 5.5b Define and discuss the benefits and drawbacks of spray irrigation and drip irrigation.
  • 5.5c Explain the impacts of using freshwater sources for agricultural irrigation, then discuss remediation for the negative impacts of irrigation.
  • Textbook correlation Chapter 9, Module 28; Chapter 11, Module 32

5.6 Pest Control Methods

  • 5.6a Explain the use of traditional pesticide use, discuss both the benefits and drawbacks of traditional pesticide use, then evaluate claims related to pesticide use.
  • 5.6b Explain the use of genetic engineering as a pest control method, then discuss the benefits and drawbacks of using genetic engineering as a pesticide.
  • Textbook correlation Chapter 11, Module 32

5.7 Meat Production Methods

  • 5.7a Explain the topic of meat production, and evaluate the benefits and drawbacks inherent to meat production.
  • 5.7b Define what concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) are, then explain the benefits and drawbacks of using this method for meat production.
  • 5.7c Define what free-range grazing is, then explain the benefits and drawbacks of using this method for meat production.
  • Textbook correlation Chapter 11, Module 32

5.8 Impacts of Overfishing

  • 5.8a Explain techniques used in commercial fishing, then how they contribute to overfishing.
  • 5.8b Explain potential methods to curtail overfishing, then apply content to a free response prompt.
  • Textbook correlation Chapter 11, Module 32; Chapter 18, Module 60

5.9 Impacts of Mining

  • 5.9a Define mining, then describe different types of mining and when each type is used.
  • 5.9b Discuss the environmental impacts of natural resource extraction through mining.
  • 5.9c Explain remediation techniques used to address the impacts mining has on the environment, then apply content knowledge to a free response prompt.
  • Textbook correlation Chapter 8, Module 25

5.10 Impacts of Urbanization

  • 5.10a Define what an urban area is, and describe the benefits of urbanization.
  • 5.10b Describe the disadvantages of urbanization for both humans and the environment.
  • 5.10c Discuss remediation of the effects of urbanization, then apply content knowledge to a free response prompt.
  • Textbook correlation Chapter 7, Module 23; Chapter 9, Module 26; Chapter 10, Module 30

5.11 Ecological Footprints

  • 5.11a Explain the variables measured in calculating an ecological footprint. Compare resource demands and waste production required for an individual or society.
  • Textbook correlation Chapter 1, Module 2

5.12 Introduction to Sustainability

  • 5.12a Explain the concept of sustainability with regards to environmental indicators.
  • 5.12b Explain sustainable yield, which is the amount of a renewable resource that can be taken without reducing the available supply.
  • Textbook correlation Chapter 1, Module 2; Chapter 10, Module 29; Chapter 11, Module 33; Chapter 13, Module 37; Chapter 20, Module 66

5.13 Methods to Reduce Urban Runoff

  • 5.13a Describe methods for mitigating problems with urban runoff, which include permeable pavement, planting trees, increasing public transportation, and building up, not out.
  • Textbook correlation Chapter 3, Module 7; Chapter 10, Module 29

5.14 Integrated Pest Management

  • 5.14a Describe how integrated pest management is a combination of methods used to control pest species, while minimizing the disruption to the environment.
  • 5.14b Describe the benefits and drawbacks of IPM. Focus on the effect of IPM on wildlife, water supplies, and human health.
  • Textbook correlation Chapter 11, Module 33

5.15 Sustainable Agriculture

  • 5.15a Describe soil conservation practices as well as strategies that are used to improve soil fertility.
  • 5.15b Describe how rotational grazing between different pastures will prevent overgrazing in particular areas.
  • Textbook correlation Chapter 11, Module 33

5.16 Aquaculture

  • 5.16a Describe sustainable use of water resources and mitigation of human-caused environmental impacts through discussion of the benefits and drawbacks of aquaculture.
  • 5.16b Explain the advantages, disadvantages, and unintended consequences of aquaculture through practice with multiple choice and free response-style questions.
  • Textbook correlation Chapter 11, Modules 32 and 33

5.17 Sustainable Forestry

  • 5.17a Describe sustainable forestry, including methods of mitigating deforestation, protecting forests from pests, and the benefits of prescribed burns on forest health.
  • 5.17b Justify sustainable forestry as a solution to deforestation through practice with multiple choice and free response-style questions.
  • Textbook correlation Chapter 10, Module 29